Sunday, July 31, 2011

44.7 Gallons of Soda

That's how much the average American drank last year, and this doesn't include non-carbonated sweetened beverages (another 17 gallons). Why so much? Because it's cheap. Worse? It's getting comparatively cheaper:

See Mark Bittman for the NYT article that accompanies these images, who calls for actions similar to those I have discussed in the past in order to begin to tackle America's obesity epidemic (this month the CDC reported that 33.8% of Americans are now obese).

I should also mention a recent UCLA study whose authors calculated an interesting index to measure local food quality, dubbed The Home and School Retail Food Environment Index (HSRFEI). The index assesses the density of food outlets less likely to carry healthy foods (fast food, liquor stores, dollar stores, etc.) relative to those that would be more likely (grocery stores, warehouse stores, etc.) within given California radii of school and home. The study found that teens were 7.9 times more likely to have unhealthy food outlets nearby compared to healthy outlets, where nearly 75% of California teens live and go to school in less healthy food environments (HSRFEI of at least 5.0), while only 21% do so in healthier food environments (HSRFEI of less than 5.0).

Friday, July 15, 2011

The Dual Eligible Population: A Vulnerable (and Costly) Group

As seen on the ITUP Spotlight on Health Reform post, "Creating a Sysytem of Care for California's Dual Eligible Population"


This past summer, I had the opportunity to intern at the California Department of Health Care Services under their new Medical Director, Dr. Neil Kohatsu. With so much going on in health reform implementation at the state level, it was an exciting time to be involved at DHCS on a day-to-day basis.

In my work at the Department, I developed a report entitled Cost Containment Strategies for California’s Dual Eligible Population. The dual eligible population, individuals who qualify for both Medicare and Medicaid, is a particularly vulnerable subset of America that must navigate a severely fragmented delivery system. While representing only 16% and 18% of the Medicare and Medicaid populations respectively, duals account for 24% and 46% of each program’s total spending. In all, health care for duals is roughly 10% of national health spending, and this number will continue to rise as the baby boomer generation ages.

The inefficiencies and disincentives that plague the delivery of care for this population, in addition to unprecedented flexibilities offered through the Affordable Care Act, provide California with ample opportunity to improve care for duals while lowering extraneous costs. In a time of perpetual budget crises and unpredictable program cuts, California is well positioned to streamline care for one of the costliest and most vulnerable populations. The special DHCS report provides an overview of California’s dual population as well as several forward thinking strategies in this regard, including federal collaboration, payment reform mechanisms, quality measure improvement, health information technology, and prevention.